Roman Jakobson: Life, Language and Art (Critics of the Twentieth Century)

Roman Jakobson: Life, Language and Art (Critics of the Twentieth Century)

Richard Bradford

Language: English

Pages: 232

ISBN: 041507732X

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


In Roman Jakobson Richard Bradford reasserts the value of Jakobson's work, arguing that he has a great deal to offer contemporary critical theory and providing a critical appraisal the sweep of Jakobson's career.
Bradford re-establishes Jakobson's work as vital to our understanding of the relationship between language and poetry. By exploring Jakobson's thesis that poetry is the primary object language, Roman Jakobson: Life, Language, Art offers a new reading of his work which includes the most radical elements of modernism. This book will be invaluable to students of Jakobson and to anyone interested in the development of critical theory, linguistics and stylistics.

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GEOFFREY HARTMAN Criticism as Answerable Style G.Douglas Atkins INTRODUCING LYOTARD Art and Politics Bill Reading EZRA POUND AS LITERARY CRITIC K.K.Ruthven F.R.LEAVIS Michael Bell DELEUZE AND GUATTARI Ronald Bogue POSTMODERN BRECHT A Re-Presentation Elizabeth Wright THE ECSTASIES OF ROLAND BARTHES Mary Bittner Wiseman PAUL RICOEUR S.H.Clark JURGEN HABERMAS Critic in the Public Sphere Robert C.Holub iii WILLIAM EMPSON Prophet Against Sacrifice Paul H.Fry ANTONIO GRAMSCI Beyond Marxism and

present circumstances. The assumed context of this discourse is the field of linguistics and literary criticism, a field whose oral and written exchanges are usually limited to the more specific context of higher education. The context will often determine the code and in this instance I (addresser) assume that you (addressee) have become inured to the stylistic and interdisciplinary codes of talking and writing about literature. Contact is a further subdivision of context and code, referring

kissing his own head (‘New Russian Poetry’): what is inconceivable in any real, prelinguistic situation can be translated into a ‘fixed’ semantic unit. But the relationship between Freud’s model of transference from dream images to language and Jakobson’s concept of the linguistic sign is uneasy and potentially contradictory. Jakobson’s most significant reference to Freud occurs in his essay on ‘Two Aspects of Language’. A competition between both devices, metonymic and metaphoric, is manifest in

association between meaning and prelinguistic context. A discourse that foregrounds the syntagmatic-metonymic chain (such as Tolstoy’s obsessive listing of the objects in Anna Karenina’s room) is mimetic in the sense that the contiguous relation between the signifiers mirrors the way in which the addresser defers to the spatiotemporal ordering of objects and experience. A discourse that foregrounds the paradigmatic-metaphoric axis shifts the emphasis towards the relation between the addresser and

Jakobson concludes his essay with the claim that ‘Puškin’s symbolism of the statue continues to affect Russian poetry to the present day, and it constantly points to its creator’ (L in L, p. 363) and he cites the work of ‘the three outstanding Russian poets of this century’, Blok, Xlebnikov and Majakovskij. His point, more imptied than dogmatically stated, is that there is a correlation between periods of social, political and ideological uncertainty and the proliferation of poets and texts which

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