Romeo and Juliet

Romeo and Juliet

Language: English

Pages: 92

ISBN: 1505259568

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families. It was among Shakespeare's most popular plays during his lifetime and, along with Hamlet, is one of his most frequently performed plays. Today, the title characters are regarded as archetypal young lovers. Romeo and Juliet belongs to a tradition of tragic romances stretching back to antiquity. Its plot is based on an Italian tale, translated into verse as The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet by Arthur Brooke in 1562 and retold in prose in Palace of Pleasure by William Painter in 1567. Shakespeare borrowed heavily from both but, to expand the plot, developed supporting characters, particularly Mercutio and Paris. Believed to have been written between 1591 and 1595, the play was first published in a quarto version in 1597. This text was of poor quality, and later editions corrected it, bringing it more in line with Shakespeare's original. Shakespeare's use of his poetic dramatic structure, especially effects such as switching between comedy and tragedy to heighten tension, his expansion of minor characters, and his use of sub-plots to embellish the story, has been praised as an early sign of his dramatic skill. The play ascribes different poetic forms to different characters, sometimes changing the form as the character develops. Romeo, for example, grows more adept at the sonnet over the course of the play.

The Shorter Poems

Cymbeline (The Pelican Shakespeare)


Selected Works: John Wilmot

The Merry Wives of Windsor




















of the relevant act, the scene within that act, and the footnote number within that scene for the word’s first occurrence. xiv i n t r o d uc t i o n Afar more complex drama than it is sometimes thought, Romeo and Juliet (1595?) takes its basic story line from Arthur Brooke’s long narrative poem, The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet (1562). Shakespeare could not have taken much else: Brooke’s poem is written in one of the dullest verse forms in English literary history, Poulter’s

that an hour ϭ who for one hour 70 (1) character, temperament, (2) the tempering/hardening of steel 71 valor’s steel ϭ the toughness of courage/manliness 72 noble, splendid 73 excellent, fine 74 risen/soared/mounted to 75 defied, disdained 101 act 3 • scene 1 Romeo This day’s black fate76 on moe days77 doth depend.78 115 This79 but begins the woe others80 must end. enter Tybalt Benvolio Here comes the furious81 Tybalt back again. Romeo Alive in triumph, and Mercutio slain? Away to

fearless, (2) without shame 22 think true love acted simple modesty ϭ thinks genuine love performed/ represented innocent purity/chastity (“strange love” is the subject of “think”) 23 day in night ϭ brightness in darkness 24 (the Elizabethan meaning,sexual climax/orgasm,is plainly most on her mind) 25 gaudy, vulgar, ostentatious 26 (“Take him . . . the garish sun”: these four lines make no sense unless Romeo is understood to “die” exactly as Juliet expects to; the verb “take” – which can

scene 2 But O it presses to67 my memory 110 Like damnèd guilty deeds to sinners’ minds. “Tybalt is dead, and Romeo – banishèd.” That “banishèd,” that one word,“banishèd,” Hath slain ten thousand Tybalts.Tybalt’s death Was woe enough, if it had ended there, 115 Or if sour woe delights in fellowship68 And needly69 will be ranked70 with other griefs, Why followed not, when she said “Tybalt’s dead,” “Thy father,” or “thy mother” – nay, or both, Which modern lamentation might have

which grief 50 It is supposèd the fair creature died – And here is come to do some villainous shame44 To the dead bodies. I will apprehend45 him. ( to Romeo) Stop thy unhallowed toil,46 vile Montague. Can vengeance be pursu’d further than death? 55 Condemnèd villain, I do apprehend thee. Obey, and go with me, for thou must die. Romeo I must indeed, and therefore came I hither. Good gentle youth, tempt not a desperate man. Fly hence and leave me.Think upon these gone,47 60 Let them

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